2019年6月大学英语四级考试阅览了解模仿试题(4)

四级考试网 188bet网站小编 更新时刻:2019-06-10

Most episodes of absent-mindedness forgetting where you left something or wondering why you just entered aroom-are caused by a simple lack of attention,says Schacter. Youre supposed to remember something, butyou havent encoded it deeply.

  Encoding, Schacter explains, is a special way of paying attention to an event that has a major impact on recalling it later. Failure to encode properly can create annoying situations. If you put your mobile phonein a pocket, for example, and dont pay attention to what you did because youre involved in a conversation, youll probably forget that the phone is in the jacket now hanging in you wardrobe (衣柜). Your memory itself isnt failing you,says Schacter. Rather, you didnt give your memory system the information it needed.

  Lack of interest can also lead to absent-mindedness. A man who can recite sports statistics from 30 years ago,says Zelinski, may not remember to drop a letter in the mailbox.Women have slightly better memories than men, possibly because they pay more attention to their environment, and memory relies on justthat.

  Visual cues can help prevent absent-mindedness, says Schacter. But be sure the cue is clear and available,he cautions. If you want to remember to take a medication (药物) with lunch, put the pill bottle on the kitchen tabledont leave it in the medicine chest and write yourself a note that you keep in a pocket.

  Another common episode of absent-mindedness: walking into a room and wondering why youre there. Most likely, you were thinking about something else. Everyone does this from time to time,says Zelinski. The best thing to do is to return to where you were before entering the room, and youll likely remember.

  操练题:

  Choose correct answers to the question:

  1. Why does the author think that encoding properly is very important?

  A. It helps us understand our memory system better.

  B. It enables us to recall something form our memory.

  C. It expands our memory capacity considerably.

  D. It slows down the process of losing our memory.

  2. One possible reason why women have better memories than men is that ________.

  A. they have a wider range of interests

  B. they are more reliant on the environment

  C. they have an unusual power of focusing their attention

  D. they are more interested in whats happening around them

  3. A note in the pocket can hardly serve as a reminder because ________.

  A. it will easily get lost

  B. its not clear enough for you to read

  C. its out of your sight

  D. it might get mixed up with other things

  4. What do we learn from the last paragraph?

  A. If we focus our attention on one thing, we might forget another.

  B. Memory depends to a certain extent on the environment.

  C. Repetition helps improve our memory.

  D. If we keep forgetting things, wed better return to where we were.

  5. What is the passage mainly about?

  A. The process of gradual memory loss.

  B. The causes of absent-mindedness.

  C. The impact of the environment on memory.

  D. A way if encoding and recalling.

  1.[B] 现实细节题。依据第2段第1句可知,encoding是重视某事的一种特别方法,这影响到今后是否能回忆起这件事来,因而B正确。

  2.[D] 现实细节题。依据第3段第3句,“女人比男性的回忆力稍强,这也许是由于她们对周围的环境愈加留意,而回忆正是依托这个”,故选D “她们关于周围发作的事更感兴趣”。

  3.[C] 现实细节题。依据第4段首句中提到的“视觉头绪能够避免忘记某事”可知破折号之后的正告“不要把药瓶放在药箱里,然后写一张纸条装进口袋”正是为了避免药瓶、提示性信条离开了视野,故选C

  4.[A] 揣度题。依据最终一段的前两句“心猿意马的另一个常见的情形是:走进房间,却不知为什么要进来。你很有可能是在想其他事”,可知本题答案为A

  5.[B] 宗旨题。依据第135段的首句能够得出,本文首要讲的是精力不会集的原因,故选B

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相关引荐:

2019上半年大学英语四级考试词汇解析(四)

2019年6月大学英语四级考试阅览了解模仿试题(1)

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